Power & Energy

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Raja Mohammad Akram & Co provides a full range of services that covers every stage of an energy project life cycle. Our lawyers
have worked on major power projects in Pakistan as well as South and South East Asia and have a leading practice in the oil and gas, power, and renewable energy sectors.

Our lawyers routinely provide expert, multi-faceted and practically focused services to a diverse array of clients ranging from infrastructure contractors, utilities, governments and state-owned corporate entities, regulators, and insurers and reinsurers in the energy sector.

We have recently represented/advised the following clients in the energy sector:

Deals & Transactions


  • Reviewed and drafted the incorporation documents of a joint venture company for registration in Pakistan including the memorandum and articles of associations and advised non-resident German individuals and companies in relation to tax-efficient corporate structuring in compliance with the Germany-Pakistan avoidance of double taxation treaty
  • Advising the client in the drafting of the project documents (including the standardised energy purchase agreement, water use agreement, and implementation agreement for small hydro projects) and financing documents for a 6.6 MW and 10 MW hydro power project respectively in Azad Jammu & Kashmir
  • Drafted the engineering and procurement contract for setting up a 30 MW coal-fired power plant for captive use
  • Advised a Pakistani client on a confidential basis on a share subscription agreement and shareholders agreement with a Sri Lankan power generation company and in relation to negotiations regarding its prospective investment in a power project in Pakistan
  • Drafted a shareholders’ agreement on a confidential basis for a consortium of textile mills setting up a thermal power plant for generation and sale of electricity to bulk power consumers
  • Drafted the project agreements, including the incorporation documents and land lease agreement for setting up an integrated captive solar PV power plant and vegetable farm in Punjab

Regulatory Affairs & Advocacy


  • Advised renewable energy companies (totalling 35 MW including solar, bagasse and small hydro) on establishing the legal framework for removing regulatory constraints affecting the development of small renewable energy plants in relation to evacuation of electricity and related matters (NEPRA (Sale of Electric Power by Renewable Energy Companies) Guidelines, 2015)
  • Advised in relation to the proceedings for the determination of the first ever Upfront Tariff for small hydro power generation projects of up to 25 MW installed capacity
  • Representing and advising the client in proceedings seeking review of an order of NEPRA in relation to its generation license for a 31.23 MW power plant
  • Represented the client before NEPRA in relation to the determination of the Upfront Tariff for solar PV power plants for 2016
  • Represented sugar mills before NEPRA in relation to the development of the Upfront Tariff for low-pressure boiler bagasse based power projects for 2016
  • Successfully represented clients engaged in the implementation and development of hydropower plants in Azad Jammu & Kashmir before NEPRA in a legal challenge to the proposed amendments in the Commercial Code 2015 of CPPA-G
  • Represented numerous clients before NEPRA in various regulatory matters, including the proposed amendments to the NEPRA Act 1997
  • Represented the clients in fertilizer sector before OGRA in relation to the review of the provisional price determination of the Re-gasified Liquefied Natural Gas (RLNG)

Dispute Resolution


  • Representing a client in a parallel court and arbitration proceedings arising out of the Petroleum License and Petroleum Concession Agreements in relation to five petroleum blocks; the amount in dispute is in the range of US$26 million
  • Advised a client in relation to proceedings arising from a rental services contract (of the value of around US$120 million) before the courts in Pakistan and advised the client in relation to potential arbitration proceedings before the London Court of International Arbitration
  • Advised a client on a confidential basis in relation to a dispute arising from an engineering and technical services contract for a major solar PV power plant in Punjab
  • Represented the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources in the challenge against the imposition of gas infrastructure and development cess under the Gas Infrastructure Development Cess Act 2011 before the Supreme Court of Pakistan (Federation of Pakistan v Durrani Ceramics 2014 SCMR 1630)

Raja Mohammad Akram & Co’s Expertise


Our lawyers have the qualifications, experience, and knowledge to advise our energy and power sector clients on the following areas:

  • Corporate & Commercial Laws
  • Construction & Procurement
  • Dispute Resolution & Arbitration
  • Documentation & Negotiations
  • Employments Laws
  • Mergers & Acquisitions
  • Power Engineering & Financial Business Management
  • Property & Land
  • Tariffs
  • Taxation & Regulatory Laws

We have the expertise to provide services for domestic and cross-border transactions and disputes in the energy sector involving Pakistani and foreign laws. We are also conversant with the regulatory regime of the power and energy sector and have experience of interacting with government entities to assist our clients in regulatory compliances and drafting of government policies and regulations.